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Science, Mathematics & Engineering

Selected Primary Sources in the Sophia Smith Collection

This guide describes the papers of researchers and educators in Science, Mathematics, and Engineering. See also the guide to Women in Medicine and Health for collections relating to women physicians (some of whom were also medical researchers), nurses, medical missionaries, and public health specialists.

Personal Papers and Collections

Florence Bascom (1862-1945)
Papers, 1870-1971; 6.5 linear ft. (16 boxes)
Geologist, Professor at Bryn Mawr College, and the first woman member of the Geological Society of America. Papers include biographical information, photographs, scrapbooks, sketchbooks, speeches, U.S. Geological Survey reports, extensive correspondence, and published and unpublished geology articles re: Pennsylvania, Maine, and Massachusetts. Photographs include those taken on geological expeditions in western and southwestern U.S. and Mexico.
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Elizabeth Thompson Bunce (1915- )
Papers, 1936-1986; .5 linear ft. (1 box)
Marine geophysicist. Oral history conducted in 1981, plus a small amount of professional correspondence, biographical materials, photographs, awards, and citations.
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Marian Cleeves Diamond (1926- )
Professor of anatomy and first woman on the science faculty at Berkeley. Her research pertains to the study of environmental effects on the anatomy and function of the brain. The oral history, entitled "Marian Cleeves Diamond: the oral history of a leader in the field of science: a series of interviews," is part of the published series, "A Woman's Legacy: Five Women Who Made a Difference" (2004). Transcript and audio CD.

Employment Collection
1817-2006 (ongoing); 30.75 linear ft. (67 boxes)
Primarily printed materials and books, plus some unpublished writings, correspondence, photographs, and ephemera, pertaining to women in various professions, employment issues and specific occupations of women including the sciences.
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Dian Fossey (1932-1985)
Papers, 1964-1990 (ongoing); .5 linear ft. (2 boxes)
Primate researcher. Papers include personal correspondence; legal, financial, and medical records; and published articles by and about Fossey, her work with Louis Leakey and her work to save Mountain Gorillas in the Congo and Rwanda from the 1960s until her death in 1974.

Lillian Moller Gilbreth (1878-1972)
Papers, 1860-1999, 6.5 linear ft. (15 boxes)
Industrial engineer. Known as the mother of the Cheaper by the Dozen family, Gilbreth practiced industrial engineering with her husband, and they wrote and lectured extensively on the subject of motion saving techniques and worker efficiency with respect to both physical ability and psychological variables. She later wrote about home economics and designed equipment and motion saving methods to make household tasks easier for the disabled. Her papers include correspondence, speeches, writings, and photographs.
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Ellen Henrietta Swallow Richards (1842-1911)
Papers, 1882-1910; .75 linear ft. (2 boxes)
Industrial chemist, public health specialist, and professor. Richards taught analysis of water, sewage, and air, and devised the first water purity tests. Involved in home economics movement, Richards introduced ideas of nutritious lunches in schools and systematic domestic science instruction. Papers include photographs, correspondence, notes and writings, primarily related to her work as an advocate of higher education for women and as an expert in water chemistry. Of particular interest are writings and photographs related to water testing and pollution of Jamaica Pond in Boston (1900-07).
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Mary Frances Winston (Newson) (1869-1959)
Papers, 1889-1987; .5 linear ft. (1 box)
Mathematician, Professor. Winston was the first woman to receive a Ph.D. in mathematics from a German university (University of Göttingen) in 1897. Her papers include correspondence, biographical material, and photographs, primarily correspondence to her family from colleges and universities she attended, particularly from the University of Göttingen describing student life there between 1893 to 1896.
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Dorothy Wrinch (1894-1976)
Papers, 1919-1975; 14.5 linear ft. (3 boxes)
Crystallographer, Biochemist, Mathematician, Physicist. Papers contain original manuscripts; models; printed material; publications and writings; notebooks and scrapbooks; as well as extensive correspondence which illuminate her research and views on crystal structure, cyclols, peptides, mineral twins, x-ray methods, insulin, and polyhedra.
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Related Resources

See also the guide to Women in Medicine and Health for collections relating to women physicians (some of whom were also medical researchers), nurses, medical missionaries, and public health specialists.

The Smith College Archives holds the departmental records and faculty papers of Smith's departments of science, engineering and mathematics.

For secondary sources, see the Browsing and Reference collections in the Special Collections Reading Room.

(Note: The SSC is actively collecting the papers and oral histories of women and the records of their organizations. Please see the complete list of collections or contact us for updated information on our holdings.)